The coach and I agree that punting is the thing to do here, but you may be thinking it makes sense to attempt a field goal. That would be the right call if you think your chances of making the kick are greater than 60 percent. But based on my analysis of over 13,000 field goal attempts since 2001, I give the average kicker only a 25 percent chance to make a kick from this distance in a outdoor stadium.
Here's the full breakdown of my calculations:
|Option||Chance of converting||
Chance of winningBefore play
|Field goal try57 yard kick (est.)||25%||87%||87%||-|
|Go for it4th and 16, opp. 40||10%||87%||87%||-|
Along with some circuitry to come up with a win probability for every game situation, all you need to figure out what you should do next is an estimate of how likely you are to make a field goal or convert a first down.
My estimates for these are based on the results of thousands of similar plays, but you may think you're smarter than I am. This chart shows you how changing those estimates would change my recommendation.
|Field goal try||64% of the time|
|Punt||32% of the time|
|Go for it||5% of the time|
Tim Masthay punts for 28 yards to SD12.
To estimate a team’s chances of winning, I use a mathematical model that accounts for a whole lot of variables — including the difference in score, the time remaining in the game, and the number of timeouts each team has left. On top of that, I have models for the likelihood that a team makes a field goal and the likelihood that it will convert a first down.
By combining all of this information, I can come up with the best decision a team can make, according to math.
If you want even more details about the numbers behind my decisions, my full model is available on GitHub. Help make me better!